Maktskiftet markerades av ett antal beslut i den ukrainska riksdagen den 22 och 23 februari 2014. Dessa beslut inramades av:
• dels att den valde presidenten, Viktor Janukovytj, hade lämnat landet
• dels att riksdagsledamöter ur Regionernas Parti och Kommunistpartiet utsattes för hot och våld.
”Paet also noted that in Ukraine, there is very strong pressure on the members of parliament. He said that journalists saw armed men beat a deputy in broad daylight in front of the Verkhovna Rada.”
”It is significant to note that the entire subsequent period was marked by massive intimidation of Verkhovna Rada deputies from the ruling Party of Regions and the Communist Party members by the supporters of Euromaidan.
The central office the Communist Party newspaper in Kiev was sacked, as well as the Kiev offices of the Municipal Committee of the Communist Party, and the Pechersk and Sviatoshynskyi district committees of the Communist Party in Kiev.
Almost all the regional committees of the Communist Party were seriously damaged, but especially the ones in Zhytomyr, Chernihiv, Sumy, Vinnytsia, Volyn, Rivne oblast, and all district committees. The regional and city offices in Volyn and Lutsk and many other party premises were taken over by illegal armed groups.”
Var riksdagen fulltalig då de viktiga besluten togs?
Eller var det mer i stil med ”Machtübernahme” i Berlin 1933?
”The Communist Party, remaining a legal parliamentary party, was actually forced to shut down. Given the threat of deadly violence a large majority of the Communist Party faction in the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine moved to the Crimea or Russia.”
”The remaining few Communist Party MPs in Parliament protested against the lawlessness in the country and did not participate in voting.”
Beslut som togs:
Volodymyr Rybak från Regionernas parti, var talman i den ukrainska riksdagen sedan mitten av december 2013. Den 22 februari avgick han, och efterträddes av Oleksandr Turchynov.
”February 22, 2014. The Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine V. Rybak (Party of Regions) tendered his resignation due to illness and the need for treatment (according to unofficial data, the reason for his departure became fear for his safety). O. Turchynov (AUU Batkivshchyna) was elected the the new Speaker of the Ukrainian parliament.”
Avgick gjorde även vice talmannen, Ihor Kaletnik, från kommunistpartiet.
”The first vice-speaker of the Verkhovna Rada, member of the Communist Party of Ukraine (CPU) I. Kaletnik, also penned his resignation.”
Den 23 februari utsågs den nye talmanen, Turchynov, också till interrimspresident, fram till den 25 maj.
”The decision was made in the Verkhovna Rada to appoint Speaker O. Turchynov as interim President of Ukraine for the period up to May 25, 2014. After that, the legitimate President of Ukraine Viktor Yanukovych, who was forced to leave the country because of threats to his life and the lives of his family, said during a press conference in Rostov-on-Don, Russia, on 28 February 2014, that he was still the legitimate head of the Ukrainian state, elected by the free will of its citizens, noting also that none of the conditions stipulated by the Constitution of Ukraine on the early termination of Presidential powers (including resignation, illness, death, or impeachment) were followed properly.”
Den 24 februari utsågs Oleg Machnizki från Svobodapartiet till ny riksåklagare.
Den 25 februari utsågs Oleksandr Turchynov dessutom till Överbefälhavare.
”Oleksandr Valentynovych Turchynov is a Ukrainian politician, screenwriter, and economist. Turchynov is the current Chairman of the Ukrainian Parliament and acting President of Ukraine after Viktor Yanukovychwas removed from power by the parliament on 21 February 2014 On 25 February Turchynov assumed the command of the Ukrainian Armed Forces.
Turchynov is the first deputy chairman of the political party Batkivshchyna (All-Ukrainian Union ”Fatherland”) and close associate of the western-backed political figure, Yulia Tymoshenko.”
”The Ukrainian parliament voted on 22 February to remove him from his post on the grounds that he was unable to fulfill his duties although the legislative removal lacked the required votes according to the constitution in effect at the time.Parliament set an election for 25 May to select his replacementand two days later issued a warrant for his arrest, accusing him of ’mass killing of civilians.’
Following his departure, Yanukovych has conducted several press conferences. He declared himself to still be ’the legitimate head of the Ukrainian state elected in a free vote by Ukrainian citizens’.”
Den 27 februari ersattes Serhiy Arbuzov som premiärminister av Arsenij Jatsenjuk.
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